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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb353\sa0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs18 X}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 22 FUNERAL CUSTOMS: KNOWLEDGE OF WRITING}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li22\fi0\ri0\sb230\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Tree-worship and Zoolatry or Animal worship is \expndtw-4 evidenced by certain representations on seals. Popular \expndtw2 Hinduism of today contains many of these elements, \expndtw-1 thus furnishing a remarkable proof of the extraordinary \expndtw4 continuity of Indian culture through the ages.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Disposal of the Dead}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi464\ri22\sb176\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 An examination of the data available, both at Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, shows that probably there \expndtw-3 were then three methods of disposing of the dead : \i (a) \i0 complete burial, (\loch\af8\hich\af8\dbch\f9\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af8\dbch\af9\loch\f8\cchs0 ) burial after exposure of the body to \expndtw-4 birds and beasts, \i (c) \i0 cremation followed by burial of the \expndtw0 ashes. The discovery of cinerary urns and jars, goblets \expndtw-4 or vessels with ashes, bone, and charcoal may, however, \expndtw-1 suggest that during the flourishing period of the Indus \expndtw-2 valley culture the third method was generally in vogue. At Mohenjo-daro, about a score of skeletons, some in \expndtw3 public streets and others in a room, have been un\-\expndtw2 earthed, but there is no trace of a cemetery or burial \expndtw0 place. At Harappa, on the other hand, a cemetery has \expndtw-1 been brought to light in the plain level ground near the \expndtw2 mounds. It is noteworthy that the remains of the dead \expndtw-1 at the latter site are associated with a distinct type of \expndtw-2 pottery decorated with vegetable patterns and peculiar \expndtw10 animal designs. \loch\af8\hich\af8\dbch\f9\cchs0 \'ab}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li40\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Knowledge of Writing-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi464\ri50\sb173\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 One of the most interesting items of information \expndtw-1 we get about the Indus people is in regard to their \expndtw7 acquaintance with some sort of writing. Of course, \expndtw0 no regular documents on stones or baked clay tablets \expndtw16 have been found. But a large number of seals}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi403\ri32\sb241\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex90\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub  See Dr. G. R. Hunter, \i Script of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro \i0\charscalex100\expndtw1 (1934); Rev. H. Heras, "The Story of two Mohenjo-daro Signs," \expndtw9 /. \i B.H.U., \i0 Vol. II, no. i, pp. i-6.}\par }